Volume 6, Issue 3, May 2018, Page: 43-50
The Epidemiological Survey and Analysis of Canine Babesiosis in Xi’an City, China
Wuren Ma, College of Veterinary Medicine, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, P. R. China
Yunpeng Fan, College of Veterinary Medicine, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, P. R. China
Feng Jie, College of Veterinary Medicine, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, P. R. China
Lingyu Zhang, College of Veterinary Medicine, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, P. R. China
Yuan Zhong, College of Veterinary Medicine, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, P. R. China
Weimin Zhang, College of Veterinary Medicine, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, P. R. China
Xiaoping Song, College of Veterinary Medicine, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, P. R. China
Received: Jul. 8, 2018;       Accepted: Jul. 23, 2018;       Published: Aug. 21, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.avs.20180603.12      View  2451      Downloads  38
Abstract
The canine babesiosis is one of the major diseases that significantly harm to the dogs. In order to analyze the characteristics of babesiosis in dogs, and to explore the characteristics of blood changes in canine babesiosis in Xi’an city, 194 cases of canine babesiosis were diagnosed in the animal teaching hospital of the Northwest A&F University during January 2013 to December 2015. The results showed that autumn was the main season for canine babesiosis in Xi’an city, male dogs under 3 years old were the main pathogenic group, and Teddy dog is the most susceptible breed. In addition, the number of red blood cell, platelet, hematokrit, hemoglobin, eosinophil granulocyte and the concentration of calcium were decreased; the mean corpuscular volume, the number of white blood cell, the concentration of alkaline phosphatase, total bilirubin, urea nitrogen, phosphorus, alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase was elevated. Moreover, the liver and kidney function was also destroyed in a certain degree. It indicated that the dogs suffered from severe anemia (regenerative anemia), accompanied by inflammatory reaction, which can cause the blood coagulation dysfunction, some drugs with protecting liver and kidney should be used in the process of treatment so as to improve the cure rate of this disease. These findings provided important reference information for the prevention and treatment of babesiosis.
Keywords
Canine Babesiosis, Blood Routine Test, Biochemical Criterion, Case Analysis
To cite this article
Wuren Ma, Yunpeng Fan, Feng Jie, Lingyu Zhang, Yuan Zhong, Weimin Zhang, Xiaoping Song, The Epidemiological Survey and Analysis of Canine Babesiosis in Xi’an City, China, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2018, pp. 43-50. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20180603.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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